Reseller Agreement with Mustafa Sultan Telecommunication for i-connect in Oman

Appointing Mustafa Sultan Telecommunication Co. L.L.C as Reseller for brand of Interconnect Solutions i-connect in Sultanate of Oman

Interconnect Solutions appointing Mustafa Sultan Telecommunication Co. L.L.C as its Reseller for the brand i-connect in Oman region at Gitex2019. i-connect is the future-ready brand of Interconnect Solutions, which deals in network infrastructure passives. i-connect is recognized in the market as a brand which develops high quality, high performance and reliable products. Mustafa Sultan Telecommunications is a leading provider of converged communication solutions for Omans business and consumer needs. The company offers total solutions to its customers whose requirements include communicating voice, data and video to varying geographical locations in the Sultanate.

GITEX Technology Week 2019

GITEX Technology Week is the biggest tech show in the Middle East, North Africa & South Asia.

i-flex & i-connect invites you to visit us at GITEX2019, from October 6th until October 10th, 2019. We cordially welcome you to our stand at Zabeel Hall, Z3-B45.

This year at the stall you can experience the industry’s best high-quality In-building Hybrid and passive Distributed Antenna Solutions, compatible with both single and multi-carrier environments. You can also view the exhibition of our newest i-flex solutions including an extensive range of 5G passive products, TETRA Passives, Stadium specific Antenna and our state of art Ultra-thin Antennas.

The fun does not stop here, as this year we are also showcasing our future-ready network infrastructure brand i-connect. Industry-leading copper & fibre-based solutions for FTTH, FTTA, FTTB, Enterprise and Data Centre will be up for the show.

Experts from our company will be on-site to demonstrate and discuss i-flex and i-connect innovations and solutions with you. We look forward to welcome you at our stand for high-powered days of personalised, hands-on experience that will accelerate your business into the future. Don’t miss the opportunity to meet us. Please mark your calendar now!

We look forward to seeing you at Gitex2019.

Power Over Ethernet In Industrial

The pursue for PoE started decades ago. At first, Voice over IP needed power from a separate source. The simple DC power of Plain Old Telephone Service was missed. PoE answered the question of how to provide power and data over a single cable, simple and dependable. The reliability and cost effectiveness of providing both data and power over a single cable is improved with PoE and it has become a clear choice in multiple applications.
PoE was a missing feature that has now found a home in industry. It is an elegant technical solution. As Ethernet-TCP/IP has become common in control rooms and network backbones and access links, PoE has expanded the use of Ethernet on the factory floor.
By employing PoE technology in an industrial setting, users have the ability to supply redundant power to many sensors without having to provide a local outlet. Without PoE, the sensors are passive and data needs to travel long distances (up to 100 meters) to the point of control or a local power source must be installed to drive the sensors. With PoE a redundant power source can be used to power all the sensors through the single existing Ethernet cable without the trouble of installing multiple power sources all around the factory floor.
Now there is no technical reason that Ethernet cannot reach and power most industrial devices. Here are some of the options available for powering PoE and benefits that are motivating the adoption of PoE in industrial applications.

1. Speed:
PoE costs less than fibre and is delivering higher and higher data speeds. Data delivery rates are now at 1 Gbps (10/100/1000 Mbps) over Cat5e and Cat6. The new IEEE 802.3bz standard has the capacity to deliver speeds of 2.5 to 5 Gbps over 100m with an immediate view toward 10 Gbps. PoE has more than enough data speed to support devices in a small LAN.

2. Power:
PoE does not require an additional power supply, as data and power are supplied altogether over one cable. The previously developed standard—IEEE 802.3at—provides 30.8W of power. The most recently developed standard—IEEE 802.3bt—provides 60W of power.
3. Safety:
PoE is a safe power solution. Maximum voltage is under the limit for “high voltage” applications. To avoid damaging devices or accidental contact with even this relatively safe level, the PSE (Power Sourcing Equipment) sends a 10-volt test current to verify there is a 25ohm resistor at the PD (Powered Device) before full power is applied. If the PD stops using power, power from the PSE stops and testing resumes. Over-current, under-current and fault protection are also part of the PoE standard.

4. Flexibility:
PoE is standards-based, so interoperability across vendors is guaranteed. All variations of network topologies can be configured with PoE, including ring, mesh, and other networks. Plus, industrial network management tools such as RSTP/STP, IGMP and VLANs are available on the high quality industrial PoE switches. Single-cable power and data delivery, typical in fieldbus networks, is available with PoE. Plus, configuration changes on the factory floor are made simple by PoE. It just makes sense to do it with a single cable instead of two, where possible.

5. Reliability:
PoE is one means of providing power source redundancy. When added to the ability to configure Ethernet for redundant data configurations, it’s a powerful combination. The complexity of combining various networks often requires more equipment, programming, and maintenance. A single network is simpler and has real advantages.
6. Responsiveness:
PoE devices adapt to changing environments, as they can be easily moved and reconnected at the switch level and easily integrate into changing network configurations. PoE is plug and play, an entire network doesn’t need to be brought down to add or subtract devices.



With the development and implementation of 5G, optical fibre technology is now seen as the future of connectivity. To keep this connectivity at the speed of light it is important to pay attention to the rules of fibre optic cable installation. Therefore, we have put together a list of seven important factors to consider.


For fibre optic cable installation maintaining fibre optical cable’s minimum bend radius during installation is a significant factor. In many cases, as compared to the installation of UTP cable in the horizontal or coaxial cable, optical fibre installation is much easier.

Bending the fibre cable tighter than the minimum bend radius may result in increased attenuation and broken fibres. When the bend is relaxed and if the elements of cable are not damaged, the attenuation should turn to normal.


During fibre optical cable’s installation maximum tensile rating should not exceed as per the values specified by the manufacturer. When a mechanical pulling device is used tension on the cable should at all times be monitored.

Circuitous pulls can be proficient through the use of back feeding or center pull techniques. For indoor installations, at every third 90° bend, pull boxes can be used to allow cable access for back feeding.


All optical fibre cables have a maximum vertical rise that is a function of the cable’s weight and tensile strength. This represents the maximum vertical distance the cable can be installed without intermediate support points.

Some guidelines for vertical installations include the following:

  1. All vertical cable must be secured at the top of the run.
  2. A split mesh grip is recommended to secure the cable.
  3. The attachment point should be carefully chosen to comply with the cable’s minimum bend radius while holding the cable securely.
  4. Long vertical cables should be secured when the maximum rise has been reached.

If future cable pulls in the same duct or conduit are a possibility, the use of an inner duct to sectionalize the available duct space is recommended. Without this sectionalization, additional cable pulls can entangle an operating cable and could cause an interruption in service.


When pulling long lengths of cable through duct or conduit, less than a 50% fill ratio by cross-sectional area is recommended. For example, one cable equates to a 0.71 inch outside diameter cable in a 1 inch inside diameter duct.

Multiple cables can be pulled at once as the tensile load is applied equally to all cable. Fill ratios may dictate higher fibre counts in anticipation of future needs. One sheath can be more densely packed with fibre than multiple cable sheaths.

In short, for customer premises applications, the cost of extra fibres is usually small when these extra fibres are not terminated until needed. For a difficult cable pull, extra fibers installed now but not terminated may be the most cost-effective provision for the future.


The use of factory-terminated cross-connect and interconnect jumper assemblies is acceptable, the use of pre-connectorised backbone and distribution cable presents special installation techniques.

These connectors must be protected when installing the connectorised end of these cables. Protective pulling grips are available to protect connectors, but the grips outside diameter may prevent installation in small inner ducts or conduits. Before ordering factory connectorised cables the size of the pre-connectorised assembly and pulling grip should be considered.

There may also be additional installation requirements imposed on the grip by the manufacturer, in terms of minimum bend radius and tension, which would be the limiting parameters in an installation.


A small amount of slack cable (20-30 feet) can be useful in the event where cable repair or relocation is needed. The slack can be shifted to the damaged point If a cable is cut, necessitating only one splice point in the permanent repair rather than two splices if an additional length of cable is added. This results in reduced labor and hardware costs and link loss budget saving.

When the drop is finally needed an additional cable slack (approximately 30 feet) stored at planned future cable drop points will result in savings in labor and materials.


Importance of Power Factor in Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) Solution

When choosing a UPS solution its power rating must be taken into account and it should match the requirement or else it could fail when it is needed the most. But unfortunately choosing the correct power rating is not as easy or straightforward as it may seem.
Power factor is a quantity which has important implications when sizing a UPS system and power distribution equipment. Power is a measure of the delivery rate of energy and in DC (direct current) electrical circuits are expressed as the mathematical product of Volts and Amps (Power = Volts x Amps). However, in AC (alternating current) power system, a complication is introduced; namely that some AC current (Amps) may flow into and back out of the load without delivering energy. This current, called reactive or harmonic current, gives rise to an “apparent” power (Volt x Amps) which is larger than the actual power consumed. This difference between the apparent power and the actual power gives rise to the power factor. The power factor is equal to the ratio of the actual power to the apparent power. The apparent power is expressed as the Volt-Amp or VA rating. Therefore, the actual power in any AC system is the VA rating multiplied by the power factor.
To size a UPS and ensure that the UPS output capacity is sufficient, both the VA rating and the Watt rating of the load are important. The watt rating of the UPS relates to the amount of power it can deliver, and the VA rating of the UPS relates to the amount of current it can deliver. Neither the Watt nor the VA rating of the UPS can be exceeded. The best approach is to size a UPS the Watt rating of the load. This is particularly true for larger IT installations where the power factors of the loads are nearly 1.
If there is confusion regarding power ratings or power factor, and it is desirable to ensure the load can be powered by the UPS, then choosing a UPS with a Watt rating greater than or equal to the VA rating of the load will always ensure a safety margin. Power factor has an important implication in the specification of UPS run time on battery. Battery run time is dictated by the watt load on the UPS. However, when many UPS manufacturers specify run time at full load they are referring to full VA load, not the full watt load.
Input Power Factor:
Input Power factor is the percentage of electricity that is being used to do useful work. It is expressed as a ratio. For example, a power factor of 0.72 would mean only 72% of your power was being used to do useful work. Perfect power factor is 1.0, (unity), meaning 100% of the power is being used for useful work.
Output Power Factor:
Output power factor rating is the percentage of electricity that is available to do useful work. For example, a power factor of 0.80 would mean only 80% of your power is available as real power to do useful work. Perfect output power factor is 1.0, (unity), meaning 100% of the power is available for useful work.

Power factor is a major consideration when selecting a UPS, but unfortunately, it remains a misunderstood subject, and ignoring or misapplying the power factor concepts could result in a number of problems. It is really important to understand that if the ups cannot handle the real power and the reactive power consumed by the load, a situation can develop due to overload and that could quickly lead to UPS damage.